The following is a guest post by Martha H. Kennedy, curator of popular and applied graphic arts in the Prints and Photographs Division. The post was first published on the division’s blog, “Picture This.” It is about “Drawn to Purpose: American Women Illustrators and Cartoonists,” an exhibition on display at the Library of Congress for much of 2018. For those not planning a visit to Washington, D.C., this year, many of the display items are featured in an online version of the exhibit. A companion book will be published in March 2018.
The recently opened exhibition “Drawn to Purpose” features more than 30 works by North American women illustrators and cartoonists. It spans the late 1800s to the present and includes Golden Age illustration, early comics, magazine cover art and political cartoons. As exhibit curator, I was curious to learn: What kinds of images catch viewers’ eyes? What thoughts or conversations do the artworks spark? With no claim to scientific sampling, I share responses to the show that I’ve gathered from notes in the visitors’ comment book and observations I made on site.
Several written comments express thanks for mounting the exhibition, praising it as “fantastic,” “lovely,” “amazing,” “timely,” “timeless.” Two visitors conveyed specific thanks for “spotlighting the women” and “promoting the art of powerful women!” Another wrote: “Wonderful Illustrations, Delightful, Insightful, Cunning, Entertaining.” A very encouraging response came from a local, award-winning cartoonist, Barbara Dale, who framed her smiling self-caricature, with positive exclamations.
Self-caricature. Barbara Dale, 2017, published with permission. Photo by Jan Grenci.
Little Lulu. At the Barbershop. Marge Henderson Buell, 1942.
For those who might expect that the show appeals only to female visitors, consider the following: “Male artist who had no idea this exhibit was even here and am loving it.” He also expressed appreciation for the video loop showing additional artworks that couldn’t be displayed.
I found another observation—“Delightful to see (& hear) so many women’s voices!! Great work!”—gratifying because the exhibition aims to highlight the impressive variety of work by female illustrators and cartoonists in addition to celebrating their contributions to these art forms.
My firsthand observations of viewers’ responses thus far have come from giving tours, doing press walk-throughs and other visits to the exhibit. I noticed some visitors focused on examples by well-known creators, others appeared to look for childhood favorites and others sought political cartoons. Several people laughed out loud on viewing Signe Wilkinson’s cartoon for Ms. Magazine, Ann Telnaes’s holiday party scene, and Marge Henderson Buell’s Little Lulu comic.
“For the New Year I’ve decided to give up smoking, drinking, and my civil rights.” Ann Telnaes, 2001.
A few younger visitors pleasantly surprised me by looking closely at such historical works as Alice Barber Stephens’s illustration of aspiring female artists, Jessie Gillespie’s spoof on fashion and Anne Mergen’s and Roberta MacDonald’s World War II era cartoons. These artists should be better known.
Selma Threw Herself at Full Length on the Ground. Alice Barber Stephens, 1895.
Panta-loons. Jessie Gillespie, 1914.
The exhibition design puts visual emphasis on the art in several ways. In place of labels for each artwork, section panels give historical context, highlight connections among pieces in each group and concisely identify each work. For those seeking more information, individual labels on printed sheets are available in the gallery. When asked, members of tour groups and two donors remarked that the visual organization of the exhibit works very well.
The first rotation of “Drawn to Purpose” runs through May 5, 2018. A second will begin on May 12 and run through October 20.
Please have a look at the exhibit, in person or online, and find a new favorite illustrator and cartoonist!
- See related online exhibits featuring images from the Golden Age of Illustration, additional cartoons by Ann Telnaes, illustrations by Elizabeth Shippen Green, and works by Jessie Willcox Smith.
- View our Cartoon Drawings Collection.